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JavaScript案例8:两组幻灯分别切换和统一切换

这个案例主要练习幻灯片的左右切换,同时增加了一组统一控制上下切换的按钮。

原生JavaScript,主要是练习变量的增减和条件的判断。

效果如图:

两组幻灯分别播放和统一播放.gif

具体效果点击查看

一、html代码

<h1>多组幻灯片的单独和统一切换</h1>
<div id="wrap">
    <div id="group">
    <a href="javascript:;" id="prev">上一组切换</a>
<a href="javascript:;" id="next">下一组切换</a>
</div>
<div id="tabPic" class="clearfix">
    <div class="fl rp" id="tabLeft">
    <img src="images/group1/1.jpg"> 
<div class="title">
    <h3 class="fl" >月光下的湖面</h3>
<span class="fr" >1/5</span>
</div>
<div class="buttons">
<a href="#" class="prev"><i class="iconfont icon-left"></i></a>
<a href="#" class="next"><i class="iconfont icon-right"></i></a>
</div>
</div>
<div class="fr rp" id="tabRight">
    <img src="images/group2/1.jpg">
<div class="title">
    <h3 class="fl">一朵小喇叭</h3>
<span class="fr">1/5</span>
</div>
<div class="buttons">
<a href="#" class="prev"><i class="iconfont icon-left"></i></a>
<a href="#" class="next"><i class="iconfont icon-right"></i></a>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<p><a href="http://www.mrszhao.com">赵老师前端教学博客</a></p>

二、css代码

*{
    box-sizing:border-box;}
body,h3{
    margin:0;}
h1{
    color:#fff;
    text-align:center;}
h3{
    font-weight:normal;}
body{
    font:1em "microsoft Yahei";
    color:#333;
    background-color:#333;}
a{
    color:#999;
    text-decoration:none;
    transition:0.2s;}
img{
    vertical-align:middle;}
p{
    text-align:center;}
.clearfix:after{
    content:"";
    display:block;
    clear:both;}
.fl{
    float:left;}
.fr{
    float:right;}
.rp{
    position:relative;}
#wrap{
    width:960px;
    margin:50px auto;
    background-color:#fff;
    padding:30px;
    }
#group{
    margin-bottom:20px;
    }
#group a{
    display:inline-block;
    padding:10px 40px;
    background-color:rgba(251,60,60,.8);
    color:#fff;
    text-decoration:none;}
#group a:hover{
    background-color:rgba(251,60,60,1)}
.title{
    position:absolute;
    width:100%;
    background:linear-gradient(to right,rgba(0,0,0,.8),rgba(0,0,0,0));
    color:#fff;
    left:0;
    bottom:0;
    padding:10px 20px;
    font-size:0.875em;
    }
.buttons a{
    position:absolute;
    top:0;
    width:40px;
    height:375px;
    line-height:375px;
    text-align:center;
    }
.buttons a .iconfont{
    font-size:1.5em;
    color:rgba(255,255,255,.3);}
.buttons a:hover .iconfont{
    font-size:1.5em;
    color:rgba(255,255,255,.8);}
.buttons .prev{
    left:0;
    }   
.buttons .next{
    right:0;
    }

三、js代码

window.onload=function(){
    //准备数据
    var arrImg1=['images/group1/1.jpg','images/group1/2.jpg','images/group1/3.jpg','images/group1/4.jpg','images/group1/5.jpg'];
    var arrTitle1=['月光下的湖面','夕阳下的农场','晨曦中的马群','大海中的小船','极光下温暖的小屋'];
    var arrImg2=['images/group2/1.jpg','images/group2/2.jpg','images/group2/3.jpg','images/group2/4.jpg','images/group2/5.jpg'];
    var arrTitle2=['一朵小喇叭','金色的花蕊','青石上的小黄花','一朵小黄花','紫色雏菊'];
    
    //找对象
    
    var leftWrap=document.getElementById('tabLeft');
    var oLeftImg=leftWrap.getElementsByTagName('img')[0];
    var oLeftH3=leftWrap.getElementsByTagName('h3')[0];
    var oLeftSpan=leftWrap.getElementsByTagName('span')[0];
    var oLeftLink=leftWrap.getElementsByTagName('a');
    
    var num1=0;
    leftTab();
    
    //左边的幻灯
    function leftTab(){
        oLeftImg.src=arrImg1[num1];
        oLeftH3.innerHTML=arrTitle1[num1];
        oLeftSpan.innerHTML=num1+1+'/'+arrImg1.length;
        }
    
    oLeftLink[0].onclick=function(){
        num1--;
        if(num1==-1){
            num1=arrImg1.length-1;
            }
        leftTab();
        }
    oLeftLink[1].onclick=function(){
        num1++;
        if(num1==arrImg1.length){
            num1=0;
            }
        leftTab();
        }
        
    //右边的幻灯
    var rightWrap=document.getElementById('tabRight');
    var oRightImg=rightWrap.getElementsByTagName('img')[0];
    var oRightH3=rightWrap.getElementsByTagName('h3')[0];
    var oRightSpan=rightWrap.getElementsByTagName('span')[0];
    var oRightLink=rightWrap.getElementsByTagName('a');
    
    var num2=0;
    rightTab();
    function rightTab(){
        oRightImg.src=arrImg2[num2];
        oRightH3.innerHTML=arrTitle2[num2];
        oRightSpan.innerHTML=num2+1+'/'+arrImg2.length;
        }
    
    oRightLink[0].onclick=function(){
        num2--;
        if(num2==-1){
            num2=arrImg2.length-1;
            }
        rightTab();
        }
    oRightLink[1].onclick=function(){
        num2++;
        if(num2==arrImg2.length){
            num2=0;
            }
        rightTab();
        }       
            
    //上一组和下一组
    var oPrev=document.getElementById('prev');
    var oNext=document.getElementById('next');
    
    oPrev.onclick=function(){
        num1--;
        if(num1==-1){
            num1=arrImg1.length-1;
            }
        leftTab();
        
        num2--;
        if(num2==-1){
            num2=arrImg2.length-1;
            }
        rightTab();
        
        }
    oNext.onclick=function(){
        num1++;
        if(num1==arrImg1.length){
            num1=0;
            }
        leftTab();
        
        num2++;
        if(num2==arrImg2.length){
            num2=0;
            }
        rightTab();
        
        }     
    }

案例源代码下载地址:

链接: https://pan.baidu.com/s/1dGQQclj9ULSWT3zVnMizmg 提取码: mh4q

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